Posts Tagged ‘plsql’

Execute DDL commands in Oracle PL/SQL

PL/SQL Dynamic SQL

To execute DDL commands we need Dynamic SQL. Dynamic SQL is a programming methodology for generating and running SQL statements at run time. It is useful when writing general-purpose and flexible programs like ad hoc query systems, when writing programs that must run database definition language (DDL) statements, or when you do not know at compilation time the full text of a SQL statement or the number or data types of its input and output variables.

PL/SQL provides two ways to write dynamic SQL:

  •     Native dynamic SQL, a PL/SQL language (that is, native) feature for building and running dynamic SQL statements
  •     DBMS_SQL package, an API for building, running, and describing dynamic SQL statements

Native dynamic SQL code is easier to read and write than equivalent code that uses the DBMS_SQL package, and runs noticeably faster (especially when it can be optimized by the compiler). However, to write native dynamic SQL code, you must know at compile time the number and data types of the input and output variables of the dynamic SQL statement. If you do not know this information at compile time, you must use the DBMS_SQL package.

When You Need Dynamic SQL

In PL/SQL, you need dynamic SQL to run:

  •     SQL whose text is unknown at compile time

    For example, a SELECT statement that includes an identifier that is unknown at compile time (such as a table name) or a WHERE clause in which the number of subclauses is unknown at compile time.

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